A Human Rights Impact Assessment (HRIA) is an instrument for examining policies, legislation, programs and projects and identifying and measuring their effects on human rights. The fundamental purpose of HRIA is to help prevent negative effects on human rights and maximize positive effects. HRIA, as with other impact assessments, are carried out through a series of steps: Preparation; Screening; Scoping; Evidence Gathering; Consultation; Analysis; Conclusions and Recommendations; Monitoring and Evaluation; and Preparation of HRIA report.
(Source: based on Nordic Trust Fund/World Bank. 2013. Human Rights Impact Assessments: A review of the literature, differences with other forms of assessments and relevance for development. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/PROJECTS/Resources/40940-1331068268558/HRIA_Web.pdf)