Remediation and remedy refer to both the processes of providing remedy for an adverse human rights impact and the substantive outcomes that can counteract, or make good, the adverse impact. These outcomes may take a range of forms, such as apologies, restitution, rehabilitation, financial or non-financial compensation, and punitive sanctions (whether criminal or administrative, such as fines), as well as the prevention of harm through, for example, injunctions or guarantees of non-repetition.
(Source: UN OHCHR. 2012. The Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights: An Interpretive Guide. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Business/Pages/Tools.aspx)